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Microdiscectomy surgery involves removing a small part of the bone over the nerve root or disk material from under the nerve root, to relieve pain typically leg pain because of a herniated disk in the lower back and thus provide more room for the nerve to heal.
Symptoms of a herniated disk include:
- Changes in bowel and bladder function – Although rare, a large disk herniation that pushes straight back into the spinal canal can put pressure on the nerves that go to the bowels and bladder.
- Nerve pain – It can be felt on the upper thigh, in the calf, or in the foot and toes.
- “Pins and needles” sensation, and numbness in one or both legs
- Weakness in one or both legs that makes it difficult to walk