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The treatment of thoracic spinal stenosis often depends on the severity of a patient’s symptoms and the severity of neurologic compression. Patients with mild or moderate stenosis may respond well to conservative treatments. Conservative treatments may consist of oral antiinflammatory and pain medicines.
Some patients are given an epidural-space injection. The spinal cord is covered by a material called dura. The space between the dura and the spinal column is called the epidural space. Injecting steroid medicine into this space can fight inflammation around the nerves, the disks and the facet joints. This can reduce swelling and give the nerves more room inside the spinal canal.
Patients often work with a physical therapist. By evaluating your condition, a therapist can assign positions and exercises to ease your symptoms. Your therapist may use traction to gently stretch your low back and take pressure off the spinal nerves. Your therapist also may suggest strengthening and aerobic exercises for your back and abdominal muscles.