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An ache in the low back and buttock areas is the most common complaint in patients with spondylolisthesis. Pain is usually worse when bending backward and may be eased by bending the spine forward.
Spasm is also common in the low-back muscles. The hamstring muscles on the back of the thighs may become tight.
Slippage also can cause pressure on a nerve. As the spine slips forward, the nerves may be squeezed where they exit the spine. This condition also reduces space in the spinal canal where the vertebra has slipped. This can put extra pressure on the nerve tissues inside the canal. Nerve compression can cause symptoms where the nerve travels and may include numbness, tingling, slowed reflexes and muscle weakness in the lower body.